How To Get A Mortgage Loan | Step By Step Guide

Getting a mortgage loan involves some simple steps which we are going to explain to you in this content. Make sure to read till the end to avoid missing anything.

What is a Mortgage Loan?

A mortgage loan is a form of extended financing utilised for the acquisition or enhancement of real estate, encompassing residential properties, land, estates, office buildings, shopping malls, and hotels, among other assets.


Typically, mortgage loans are secured by the property being financed. In the event of a borrower’s failure to repay the loan, the lender retains the right to seize the financed property.

Eligibility Criteria for Mortgage Loans in Nigeria

Due to the diverse nature of real estate that can be financed, various lenders in Nigeria may impose distinct qualifying conditions for mortgage loans based on the type of borrower and property. Programs such as the National Housing Fund (NHF) and the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) may influence these conditions.


However, there are general prerequisites applicable across loan sizes, including:

Age Requirement

Borrowers must be above the minimum age of 18, with many lenders in Nigeria setting a minimum age of 21. To ensure financial experience, lenders typically prefer borrowers within the age range of 21 to 60.

Income Requirement

Stable income is a crucial criterion. Lenders necessitate evidence, such as bank statements or pay slips, indicating a consistent income for at least two years.

Credit History

A credit score of at least 650 (out of 850) is typically required for mortgage loan eligibility. While some lenders may consider lower credit scores, they often result in higher interest rates and larger down payments.



Down Payment

Lenders expect a down payment, usually ranging from 10% to 30% of the total amount requested. Negotiating a lower down payment might be possible but may lead to additional costs like private mortgage insurance.


The property must be insured to safeguard against damage, theft, natural disasters, and unforeseen events, ensuring eligibility for a mortgage loan.

Property Valuation

Lenders mandate an accurate property appraisal conducted by a professional appraiser to determine the loan amount offered.

Legal Documents

Borrowers must provide legal documents confirming ownership, including survey plans, title deeds, certificates of occupancy, or deeds of assignment.

Documents Required for Mortgage Loan Approval

In addition to meeting eligibility criteria, borrowers need to compile essential documents, such as:

Personal Identification Documents

Valid government-issued ID card (driver’s licence, national ID card, voters card, or international passport).

Income-Proof Documents

Recent pay stubs, tax returns, and bank statements.

Job Verification

Employment letter specifying work title, length of employment, and pay.

Credit History

Credit report showing credit history, payment records, outstanding obligations, and credit utilisation.

Property Documents

Purchase agreement, property deed, appraisal report, land survey, and title search report.

Insurance Policy Documents

Homeowners insurance and mortgage insurance documentation.

Additional Requirements

Depending on the lender’s specifications and the borrower’s financial situation, supplementary documentation might be requested, including life insurance, building plans and permits, and profit and loss statements for self-employed borrowers.

How To Apply For Mortgage Loan

Here are all the step by step guides on how to apply for a mortgage loan;

Step 1: Choose a Mortgage Lender

The initial phase of your mortgage journey involves selecting a lender. Seek recommendations from friends and family, or conduct thorough online research to identify reputable mortgage providers.

Step 2: Qualify for a Mortgage

Once a lender is chosen, they will assess your financial situation to determine your eligibility for a mortgage. This comprehensive evaluation includes an examination of your income, debt obligations, and credit history.

Step 3: Apply for a Mortgage

Upon receiving pre-approval, the application process commences. Essential documentation, including income statements, tax returns, and bank statements, must be provided to the lender. These documents help the lender gauge your financial stability and assess your ability to repay the loan.

Step 4: Close on the Mortgage

Upon approval of your mortgage application, the closing stage ensues. This involves signing all necessary paperwork and the official transfer of property title to you.

Tips for Successfully Getting a Mortgage

Getting a mortgage can seem tough, but with careful planning, you can improve your chances of success. Here are some important tips to help you:

Start Saving Early

Begin saving for a down payment as soon as possible. The more you save, the stronger your financial position will be when you apply for a mortgage.

Improve Your Credit Score

A good credit score is crucial when applying for a mortgage. Keep a positive credit history by paying bills on time and managing debts responsibly.

Get Pre-Approved for a Mortgage

Seek pre-approval to understand how much you can borrow and what your monthly payments will be. This information is essential for effective budgeting.

Shop Around for the Best Interest Rate

The interest rate significantly affects your monthly mortgage payments. Compare rates from different lenders to secure the best deal.

Be Ready with Documents

Lenders will need documents to assess your eligibility. Make sure you have all the necessary paperwork ready to speed up the application process.


Understanding the requirements for obtaining a mortgage loan in Nigeria is essential. By acquiring the necessary documents and meeting the criteria, borrowers can navigate the process successfully.

Whether you choose the NHF, a commercial bank, or a microfinance bank, the most important thing is to meet the necessary eligibility criteria and carefully follow the steps outlined in this guide.

By sticking to these helpful guidelines and staying committed to your goal of owning a home in Nigeria, you can turn your dream of homeownership into a reality.

Are you ready to start your journey to homeownership? Explore the different mortgage options available and take the first step toward making your dream home a reality in Nigeria.