How Get A Secured Loan – Step By Step Guide

Secured loans allow borrowers to get much-needed cash or make big purchases, like buying a home or a car, with less strict requirements compared to unsecured loans.

By offering valuable assets as collateral, borrowers can secure financing at lower interest rates. Lenders find secured loans less risky because they can take possession of the collateral if the borrower can’t repay, providing an added layer of security.


What Is a Secured Loan?

A secured loan is supported by something valuable, like real estate, cash, or a car. Usually, the loan is tied to the specific thing it’s helping you buy, such as a home or a vehicle.

If not, you might be able to use other valuable items like investments or collectibles as security.


If someone can’t repay a secured loan, the lender can take back or seize the asset used as collateral like a car or a house to cover the remaining balance.

Because this provides a safety net for lenders, secured loans usually have lower interest rates and are easier for borrowers to qualify for compared to unsecured loans.

How Does a Secured Loan Work

Secured loans provide borrowers with a lump sum of cash, useful for various purposes like home improvements, buying a car, or acquiring a home.

 These loans are offered by traditional banks, credit unions, online lenders, auto dealerships, and mortgage lenders.


Although secured loans are deemed less risky for lenders, the application process typically involves a hard credit check. Some lenders may allow prequalification with a soft credit inquiry.


While secured loans accrue interest, borrowers often enjoy lower annual percentage rates (APRs) compared to unsecured options.

Upon qualifying for a secured loan, the lender places a lien on the borrower’s collateral, granting the right to seize it in case of default.

The collateral’s value should equal or exceed the outstanding loan balance, improving the lender’s chances of recovering the funds.

How To Apply And Get a Secured Loan

Secured loans are usually offered by traditional banks, credit unions, online lenders, auto dealerships, and mortgage lenders. Follow these steps to secure a loan:

Check Your Credit Score

Know your credit score before applying. Use a free online service or your credit card provider. Prequalify for a loan based on your score or take steps to improve it for better approval chances.

Review Your Budget

Assess your budget to determine what you can comfortably pay each month. Consider existing debt payments when taking on a new loan.

Evaluate Collateral Value

When shopping for a loan, assess the value of potential collateral such as cash account balances, home equity, or other valuable possessions. Keep in mind that banks may not lend the full value of an asset.

Shop Around

Research lenders based on your credit score and borrowing capacity. For home-related loans like HELOC or home equity loans, consult your current lender. For secured personal loans, look for lenders offering prequalification without a hard credit check.

Submit a Formal Application

After pre qualifying, submit a formal application. Unlike unsecured loans, secured loan applications may require an appraisal to confirm collateral value before approval.

What Happens If You Fail To Pay Your Secured Loan?

If you can’t meet the requirements of a secured loan, the lender can take your collateral to recover what you owe. For example, missing mortgage payments could lead to foreclosure, while auto loan defaults might result in the lender taking back the financed vehicle.

It’s best if the value of what you put up as collateral is equal to or more than the loan amount to reduce the lender’s losses in case of trouble.

However, there are situations where what you owe is more than what the collateral is worth. For instance, if you bought a house at a high price and then can’t pay during an economic downturn, the lender might not get back the full amount through a sale.

 In such cases, they might try to recover the remaining balance through a deficiency judgement.

If you’re worried about defaulting on a secured loan, take action to protect your credit score.

Contact your lender as soon as possible, review your budget, and make sure you prioritise payments on the secured loan to avoid losing your home or other valuable items.

Things Used As Collateral

Secured loans usually require collateral that matches the loan’s purpose, like using the financed house as collateral for a mortgage.

However, the type of collateral can also depend on factors such as the lender and loan amount. Common forms of collateral include:

  • Real Estate: This includes homes, commercial buildings, land, and equity in real estate.
  • Bank Accounts: Checking accounts, savings accounts, certificates of deposit accounts (CDs), and money market accounts can serve as collateral.
  • Investments: Stocks, mutual funds, and bonds are common types of collateral.
  • Insurance Policies: Assets like life insurance can be used as collateral etc.


Now you know how to get a secured loan, in this Step By Step Guide, and with this knowledge, you can decide If you really want to go for a secured loan or choose other types of loan.